Identifying and Resolving Inter-Creditor and Debtor-Creditor Equity Issues in Sovereign Debt Restructuring
Policy Brief #15
Different types of creditors have different political and financial claims and thus different — at times, divergent or conflictive — interests. This means that the burden-sharing exercise of sovereign debt restructuring is played out not just between debtors and creditors, but also between different types of creditors.
The private sector approach centred on collective action clauses (CACs) is not sufficient to solve the myriad problems, including those of inter-creditor and debtor-creditor equity, associated with sovereign debt restructuring.
In response to the deficiencies of the current approach, several policy measures to enhance the equity and efficiency of sovereign debt restructuring procedures should be considered. These include: tighter regulation of sovereign credit default swap (SCDS) contracts; the provision of a greater role for debt reprofiling and bondholder aggregation; the development of common rules and norms for valuing public and private concessions in sovereign debt restructurings; and the establishment of greater creditor rights for implicit creditors.
About the Authors
Associate Research Scholar
Graduate School of Business
Martin Guzman is a Associate Research Fellow at Columbia University Graduate School of Business and an Associate Professor at Universidad de Buenos Aires.
He is a co-chair of Columbia University Initiative for Policy Dialogue's Taskforce on Debt Restructuring and Sovereign Bankruptcy, and a member of the INET Research Group on "Macroeconomic Externalities” chaired by Professor Joseph Stiglitz. He is also a Senior Fellow in CIGI’s Global Economy Program. He is an Editor of the Journal of Globalization and Development.
He holds a PhD in Economics from Brown University. His research fields are Macroeconomics and Economic Development.
Global Economy Program
Domenico Lombardi is director of CIGI's Global Economy program, overseeing the research direction of the program and related activities. He also serves as Chair of The Oxford Institute for Economic Policy and sits on the advisory boards of the Bretton Woods Committee in Washington, the G20 Research Group and the G8 Research Group at the University of Toronto, and the Istituto Affari Internazionali in Rome. Mr. Lombardi is a member of the Financial Times Forum of Economists and editor of the World Economics Journal.
In 2011, he served as the rapporteur for the High-Level Panel on the Governance of the Financial Stability Board. A year earlier, he was appointed by the World Bank Group’s Board of Directors as the External Reviewer to conduct the first independent review of the Group’s Oversight and Accountability Units. In 2009, Mr. Lombardi authored the report to the IMF Managing Director on IMF Governance Reform (“Fourth Pillar Report”). Prior to that, Mr. Lombardi’s distinguished career includes positions on the executive boards of major international financial institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
His academic interests focus on the global economy and currencies, global governance, the G20, the G8, and the reform of the international financial and monetary system. His research has been published in peer-reviewed journals and has been referred to in Congressional and Parliamentary hearings around the world. He has testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs and the Subcommittee on Security and International Trade and Finance. Mr. Lombardi has an undergraduate degree summa cum laude in Banking and Finance from Bocconi University, Milan, and a Ph.D. in economics from Oxford University (Nuffield College).
Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD)
Joseph E. Stiglitz is co-President of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, and Chairman of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University. He is University Professor at Columbia, teaching in its Economics Department, its Business School, and its School of International and Public Affairs. He chaired the UN Commission of Experts on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System, created in the aftermath of the financial crisis by the President of the General Assembly. He is former Chief Economist and Senior Vice-President of the World Bank and Chairman of President Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisors. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 2001.
Global Economy Program
Skylar Brooks is a research associate in the Global Economy program at CIGI and is a PhD student at the Balsillie School of International Affairs. His research interests coalesce around the global politics of money and finance, with particular focus on the international monetary system and sovereign debt governance. His previous projects have examined the political economy of global macroeconomic imbalances, the international power and politics surrounding the US dollar, and, most recently, the global governance of sovereign debt restructuring.