Accountable and Effective Development Cooperation in a Post-2015 Era
Preparing for the 2014 Development Cooperation Forum: Background Study 3 Accountability for Development Cooperation - Working Paper #285
Based on the studies on national governance, this study defines three major dimensions of accountability: (i) answerability, the obligation to inform, explain and justify decisions and actions; (ii) enforcement, the capacity of accounting agencies to impose sanctions on public sector officials who violate their duties; and (iii) a clear delimitation of responsibility, the requirement that all actors should have clearly defined duties and performance standards. It also defines three modalities of accountability: (i) vertical, based on a principal-agent relation (elections being the most important one); (ii) horizontal, which encompasses the checks and balances in the exercise of state power and that exercised by specific oversight institutions; and (iii) social, the control exercised by multiple civil society organization and independent media on public sector officials.
About the Authors
Natalie Gómez Arteaga
José Antonio Ocampo
Professor of Professional Practice at Columbia University and former Minister of Finance of Colombia
Jose Antonio Ocampo is a Professor of Professional Practice in the School of International and Public Affairs and former Minister of Finance of Colombia. He is also a Fellow of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University. Prior to his appointment at Columbia, Professor Ocampo served as the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, and head of UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), as Executive Secretary of the UN Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and has held a number of high-level posts in the Government of Colombia, including Minister of Finance and Public Credit, Director of the National Planning Department, and Minister of Agriculture . Professor Ocampo is author or editor of over 30 books and has published over 200 scholarly articles on macroeconomic theory and policy, international financial issues, economic development, international trade, and Colombian and Latin American economic history.