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Post-Neoliberal Globalization: International Trade Rules for Global Prosperity

Working Paper #0

Martin Guzman, Joseph Stiglitz

Paper  440kb pdf

This paper analyzes frameworks for the design of the rules for international trading, assuming that it is possible to have some rule of law. In the Arrow-Debreu benchmark, where there is no economic power and political power is seemingly irrelevant, there is no need for trade agreements – free trade is the optimal policy for each country. But under even minimal deviations from that benchmark, trade agreements matter. We focus on environments in which there are market failures, technology is endogenous, and there is political power. Power dynamics play, for instance, a critical role in the design, implementation, and enforcement of agreements, with the latter being a critical difference between international agreements and domestic contracts and a key determinant of the feasibility and consequences of agreements. With endogenous technology, trade rules proscribing industrial policies may lead to lower growth and greater cross-country inequalities. Finally, we develop a framework which may be useful in the design and implementation of trade rules.

About the Authors

Martin Guzman
Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD)

Martín Guzmán served as Minister of Economy of the Republic of Argentina (December 2019- July 2022).

He is a Research Scholar at the Columbia University School of Business and Director of the Sovereign Debt Restructuring Program of Columbia’s Initiative for Policy Dialogue. He is the executive director of the academic training program supported by the Institute for New Economic Thinking chaired by Professor Joseph Stiglitz at Columbia University Business School. He is a professor of Money, Credit, and Banking at the National University of La Plata. He has served as editor-in-chief of the Journal of Globalization and Development and is a member of the editorial board.

He is a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences in the Vatican and a member of the Scientific Board of the Trento Summer School in Adaptive Economic Dynamics at the University of Trento, Italy.

He holds a PhD. In Economics from Brown University, United States (2013). Prior to his doctoral studies, he received a Bachelor’s degree in Economics (2005) and a Master’s degree in Economics (2007) from the National University of La Plata, Argentina.

Joseph Stiglitz
Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD)

Joseph E. Stiglitz is President of the Initiative for Policy Dialogue, and Chairman of the Committee on Global Thought at Columbia University. He is University Professor at Columbia, teaching in its Economics Department, its Business School, and its School of International and Public Affairs. He chaired the UN Commission of Experts on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System, created in the aftermath of the financial crisis by the President of the General Assembly. He is former Chief Economist and Senior Vice-President of the World Bank and Chairman of President Clinton’s Council of Economic Advisors. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics in 2001.

Publication Information

Type Working Paper
Program Governance of Globalization
Posted 06/17/24
Download 440kb pdf
# Pages 58