The Accumulation of International Reserves as a Defense Strategy
Working Paper #198
About the Author
Fernando Cardim de Carvalho
Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
Fernando Cardim de Carvalho, is a Professor of Economics at the Institute of Economics at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He previously acted as Former Head of the National Association of Graduate Schools of Economics of Brazil from 1992-1994. Cardim de Carvalho is a former member of the Scientific Committee for Economics, National Research Council o Brazil and CNPq. He has served as consultant to national and international NGOs, such as Action Aid USA, Ibase (Brazil), WEED (Germany), Government Institutions such as National Development Bank of Brazil (BNDES), IPEA, Brazilian Agency for Financing Innovations (Finep), and international organizations such as UNO and ECLAC as well as authoring over 100 articles in scientific journals and book chapters in Brazil and abroad. Cardim de Carvalho received his PhD in Economics from Rutgers University.